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The American Coot (fulica americana) can be found year round on the Pacific coasts of Canada and the United States and across the southern United States, down into the Caribbean and Mexico, through Central America to the northern part of South America.
They also breed in the rest of Canada and the United States.
They prefer fresh water with reeds and other aquatic vegetation, so look for them in open marshes, ponds, lakes, and sluggish rivers where these are prevalent.
Although omnivorous, their diet consists mainly of algae and other aquatic vegetation.They also eat insects, fish and other aquatic mammals and mollusks.
Title: American Coot
The common gallinule (gallinula galeata) is found from eastern Canada and the United States, along the gulf coast of the United States and into coastal California, the gulf coast of Mexico, the caribbean, Central America, and the lowland marshy areas of South America as far south as northern Argentina and Chile. They migrate from areas where water freezes and prefer marshy, well vegetated environments. They are not found in polar regions or many tropical rainforests preferring warmer, more open areas.
Measuring from 12.6" to 13.9" in length with a wingspan between 21.3" and 24.4", the common gallinule is a dark sooty black overall with a white undertail, yellow legs and feet. Their feet are very large in comparison to the size of the bird and allows it to walk on floating vegetation without sinking and to swim like a duck, even though the feet aren't webbed. The beak is red with a yellow tip and the top of the beack extends onto the forehead to form a red frontal shield. The beak is also more triangular like a chikens rather than flat like a ducks. There are white stripes on the flanks of the undertail. The young are browner and lack the red shield. The chicks are black.
The common gallinule forages either beside or in the water feeding on a wide varienty of vegetable matter and small animals, most of which are aquatic.
Title: Watery Bigfoot BW
Title: Listen To Mama
Title: Common Gallinule
Title: Muddy Marsh
Title: Gallinule Family
Title: Watery Bigfoot
The giant wood rail (aramides ypecaha) is found in five South American countries, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay. They like tropical and subtropical most lowland forests and swamps and can be found on riverbankis,swamps and marshes. They are common in the large wetlands of the ibara in Argentina and Ertre Rios Province.
They are a large terrestrial rail colored in earth tones. Their back is a rich olive color chamging to an umber rust on the back of the neck. The rest of the neck, face and chest are gray turning to whitish grey on the belly. The underparts of the flanks are salmon, the tail is black, and the eyes and legs are a pinkish red. The large, slightly downcurved bill is a mustast yellow..
The giant wood rail is omniverous eating insects, small rodents, lizards, frogs, seeds, fruit, mollusks, spiders and just about any small animal it can catch. They also eat eggs and nestlings of other birds.
Title: Giant Wood Rail
Look for Purple gallinules (porphyrio martinicus) in warm swamps and marshes from the southeastern United States, along the gulf coast of the United States and Mexico, into Central American and the Caribbean, to northern and eastern South America as far south as northern Argentina.They are a bird of warm freshwater wetlands, you won't find them in the mountains.
They are a medium sized rail, 10" to 15" in length with a wingspan between 20" and 24." They have yellow legs and big yellow feet that allow them to walk on watery vegetation without sinking. Their large feet, although not webbed or lobed, also allow them to swim like ducks. Purple gallinules are a dark purpleish-blue with a greenish back. They have a dark purple head, neck and undersides with white under a short tail. They have a red triangular bill like a chickens with a yellow tip and a pale blue extension of the upper beak that forms a shield. The chicks are black and the juveniles are a buffy tan overall with a brownish-olive back and dull bill and shield.
These birds are omniverous and eat a wide variets of plant and animal matter from seeds, leaves, fruit, aquatic and terrestrial plants, insects, frogs, snails, spiders, earthworms, fish, eggs and the young of other birds.
They prefer dense vegetation and would rather walk or run rather than fly. When they do fly, they usually only fly short distances.
Title: Purple Gallinule
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Title: Fulica Americana
Title: Immature Gallinule