To make it easier to picture the various woodpeckers in the wild, browse the images below.
The downy woodpacker (picoides pubescens) cab be found throughout the forested areas of Alaska, Canada, and the United States except for the tundra and the deserts of the southwest. Most are permanent residents, but those in the far north may move further south during the winter and those in the mountains may move to lower elevations. They prefer open deciduous woodlands, particularly along streams, with brushy or weedy edges. You will also find them in orchards, city parks, backyards and vacant lots.
Red-bellied woodpeckers (melanerpes carolinus) can be found in woodland and forests from eastern southern Canada, the eastern United States and as far west as Texas and northwestern Mexico. Melanerpes carolinus prefers humid forests, favoring bottomlands and swamps and is a cavity nester, often digging out its own nest cavity but also known to use nest boxes.
Pileated woodpeckers (dryocopus pileatus) can be found in forests with mature trees, dead trees and downed wood all across southern Canada, The west coast of the United States down to northern California and all of the states east of the Mississippi River. They don't migrate so they can be found year round in the same areas. They like large mature trees for nesting and make a rectangular hole for the entrance to their nest that they dig out of the tree which they only use once.